Future Justice Library

Official Political Documents

UNESCO Declaration on the Responsibilities of Current Generations towards Future Generations, 1997

Rio Declaration of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), 1992

Legal Act establishing the Hungarian Parliamentary Commissioner for Future Generations, 1993, and Amendment of the Hungarian Ombudsman Mandate, 2011

Official Knesset paper concerning the Commission for Future Generations in Israel, 2000

Our Common Future”. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987

Setting up the position of a “Keeper of the Long View”, New Zealand Environment Act, 1986


Future Justice Literature

Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL) and WFC: Study on the Official Representation of Future Generations

CLI Project, US: Draft for Legal Representation of Future Generations

Dr. Maja Göpel, Solutions Journal: Guarding our Future: How to Protect Future Generations, 2011

Peter Roderick: Text proposal for a UNCSD 2012, 2011

Dr. Maja Göpel, Effectius: Intergenerational Environmental Justice: tackling a democratic deficit with Ombudspersons for future generations, 2011

Simon Caney, ‘Climate Change and the Duties of the Advantaged’ (2010) 13 Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 203

Future Leaders Project and Institute for Legal Studies of the Australian Catholic University: Future Justice Research Book, 2010

Peter Roderick for WFC: Protecting Future Generations in EU Law: Model Regulation Proposal, 2010

Peter Roderick: Taking the longer view: UK governance options for a finite planet, 2010

Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations: Documentation of the conference “Ways to Legally Implement the Rights of Future Generations”, 2010

Wood, Mary C., Advancing the Sovereign Trust of Government to Safeguard the Environment for Present and Future Generations (Part I): Ecological Realism and the Need for a Paradigm Shift (February 5, 2009). Environmental Law, Vol. 39, 2009

Harvard Human Rights Clinic: Study on Models for Protecting the Environment for Future Generations, 2008

Judge C.G. Weeramantry, Commentary on Securing the Rights of Future Generations in international Law, 2008

Benedek Jávor and Judit Rácz: Do we Owe them a Future? The opportunities of a representation for future generations in Europe, 2006

Andrew Dobson (ed.) Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice (Oxford University Press, 1999)

Emanuel Agius and Salvio Busuttil (eds.) Future Generations and International Law (Earthscan, London, 1998)

Anthony D’Amato ‘Do We Owe a Duty to Future Generations to Preserve the Global Environment?’ (1990) 84 American Journal of International Law 190

Edith Brown Weiss, In Fairness to Future Generations: International Law, Common Patrimony, and Intergenerational Equity (United Nations University, Tokyo, 1989)


Establishing Crimes against Future Generations

Manfred Max-Neef, The Good is the Bad that we Don't Do, 2013

Sébastien Jodoin and Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger (editors), Sustainable Development, International Criminal Justice, and Treaty Implementation, 2013

Sébastien Jodoin and Yolanda Saito, Crimes against Future Generations: Harnessing the Potential of Individual Criminal Accountability for Global Sustainability, 2012

Sébastien Jodoin, Crimes against Future Generations, 2010

Maja Goepel, New York Times Opinion blog A Push to Stop Crimes Against the Future, 2009

Maja Goepel, responding to an article about the rights of future generations in the Policy Magazine, 2009


The Zero Project – Rights of Persons with Disabilities (More on www.zeroproject.org )

BRAINPOOL Bringing Alternative Indicators Into Policy

BRAINPOOL project, Final Report, March 2014

BRAINPOoL project, Project Summary, Recommendations and Next Steps

BRAINPOOL project, Review Report on Beyond GDP indicators: categorisations, intentions and impacts, October 2012

Presentation on 'What makes Indicators Successful?', January 2013


For in-depth resources specifically on the Ombudsperson for Future Generations proposal please see www.futurejustice.org/resources

Please do contact us if you have research or publications to add.

"Yes moko, just like the sea which has to move its tides
so we can collect Kaimoana at certain times.
Rules give harmony to our lives
so we live with
minimum conflicts.
Working in harmony with others, ae moko, it’s nature’s
act of saying,
Let us make music all together
if not in reality — then make it your dream."

WFC Councillor Pauline Tangiora

Future Justice…

...is about thinking and acting differently, based on respect, dignity and mutual trust

…considers not just what is happening now, but the effects of our actions in the years, decades and centuries to come

… is a means of creating new rules for how we live and work, pass laws and run countries

…is the giving of rights to the poorest, the weakest, the ignored, to the planet and to the other living creatures we share it with

…is a protection for all the people yet to be born,  whose lives we are blighting before they have even started

…is about what we do now.  Our actions today will determine the conditions of life for centuries to come